Causes and Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease

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What is Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s, a progressive Neurological disorder where the brain cells die eventually leading to the shrinking of the brain (atrophy). Dementia is an outcome of Alzheimer’s disease where an individual experiences continuous decline in behaviour, thinking, and social skills that affects his ability to function independently. Approximately 50 million people worldwide suffer from dementia out of which 60% and 70% are estimated to have Alzheimer’s disease.

The early stage of Alzheimer’s disease includes forgetting recent activities or recent conversations. As the disease advances, a person suffering from Alzheimer’s disease starts to develop severe memory impairment and eventually becomes unable to carry out day-to-day activity.

With the help of medications, these symptoms may improve or can be temporarily slowed down. The role of these medicines and treatments helps a person suffering from Alzheimer’s.Different programs like communication and verbal skill enhancements, art and crafts, games, reminiscing activities are conducted to slow down the process.

As of now there is no treatment available that cures Alzheimer’s disease or alter the effects on how the disease processes in the brain. In advanced stages of Alzheimer’s disease there are some severe complications that affect brain function such as malnutrition, infection or dehydration which ultimately result in death.

It is essential that the disease is detected at an early stage, so that the progress of the disease can be slowed down. Whenever we choose a doctor, we always want to look for the best & trustworthy solution. The same applies when we choose a neurologist also. If you want to choose the best in India, there are some leading cities with the best health care facilities. Bangalore is considered to be one of those cities as many people have shared positive reviews about neurologists. If you want to consult with the best neurologist in Bangalore, you can book an appointment online. They are experienced in treating different ailments related to the brain and nervous system. Their expertise varies in both invasive and non-invasive procedures.

Listed below are few symptoms of the disease.

Symptoms

The main symptom of Alzheimer’s disease is loss of memory. During the early symptoms, the person may have a problem recollecting some recent event that worsens as the disease advances. Initially, the person with Alzheimer’s disease may have a problem remembering things or forgetting close friends or distant relatives.

The brain changes that are associated with Alzheimer’s disease lead to:

Memory Loss

It is noticed that mostly all of us have occasional memory lapses, but the memory loss associated with a person suffering from Alzheimer’s disease persists and worsens, affecting his ability to perform at work or at home.

People with Alzheimer’s have the following symptoms:

  • Start repeating the same thing over and over again
  • Forget conversations or any events
  • Keep misplacing things or keep them in an illogical order
  • Forget familiar places even their house
  • Have trouble communicating, as they cant figure out the words.

Thinking and reasoning

A person suffering from Alzheimer’s disease have difficulty in thinking and concentrating, especially about abstract concepts such as numbers.

Making judgments and decisions

In this condition, multitasking becomes especially difficult, and it can be difficult to manage cash and finances, A person suffering with Alzheimer’s may have problem in recognizing and dealing with numbers and would find themselves unable to take any decisions, even in day to day life.

Those suffering from Alzheimer’s may become very bad in social interactions or can-do strange things like wearing some clothes that are inappropriate for the weather. He may have difficult to respond effectively to everyday problems, leaving the stove burning or leaving any valuables open.

Planning and performing familiar tasks

Activities that require a step-by-step approach, such as planning and cooking a meal or playing a favourite game, become a struggle as the disease progresses. People with advanced Alzheimer’s often forget to perform basic day to day activities like dressing and bathing.

Changes in personality and behaviour

Alzheimer’s disease can affect a person’s mood and behaviour.

Problems may include the following:

  • Having Depression
  • Lack of empathy
  • Social withdrawal
  • Having Mood swings
  • Having Distrust in others
  • Too much irritated and
  • Changes in sleeping habits
  • Wandering
  • Loss of inhibitions
  • Delusions

Causes

The causes of Alzeimers have not been completely decoded yet, but the brain proteins do not function normally which affects the normal functioning of the neurons in the brain. The transmission of the neuron gets disrupted and the cells get damaged eventually.

It is unlikely (Less than 1%) that Alzheimer’s may be caused because of genetic factors. The disease can be rarely seen in persons of middle age, but it isn’t an exception.

The part of the brain that controls the memory is affected, and the actual onset of disease is much later than the first symptoms is detected.

In case if you face any such symptoms you should contact some reputed neurologists before it is too late for treatment.

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